The next few Unsealings will cover the larger passages containing the verses that prophesy the division of Alexander the Great’s Empire into 4 (four) kingdoms. His strong desire to reunite Alexander’s kingdom brought Antigonus against the combined forces of Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander, and Seleucus. The only major change came in the brilliant coup by which Seleucus succeeded in recovering Babylon. Apparently, he was wounded at this siege. Oddly enough, there was another Lysimachus in the entourage of Alexander. When the city fell two years later, Olympias was killed, and Cassander had Alexander IV and Roxanne confined at Amphipolis. Although he went so far as to enter Babylon in 310 BC, the Babylonian War (311-309) ended in … By 306 BC, he'd taken the title "King of Thrace". Web. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. If he had been born in 355 BCE or later, he would have been too young to have accompanied the king to Persia as a bodyguard. During the first phase of the war, Seleucus served as an admiral to Ptolemy. He invaded Ptolemy's part of Syria and secured Phoenicia with its naval resources. For a short time during the Greek Empire period, the Jews gained true independence under the Maccabees (Hasmonean Era): 166-37 BC Military leader under Alexander the Great; after the death of Alexander in 323, Lysimachus became ruler of Thrace. For the next three decades, alliances would be made and broken. At the age of 80, Antigonus died in the Battle of Ipsus from the simple throw of a javelin. In 302 BC, when the second affiance between Cassander, Ptolemy I and Seleucus I was made, Lysimachus, reinforced by troops from Cassander, entered Asia Minor, where he met with little resistance. In 306/305 BC, Lysimachus followed the example of Antigonus I assumed the title of "King", which he held until his death at Corupedium in 281 BC. Cassander rejected his father's decision, and immediately went to seek the support of Antigonus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus as his allies. Sources. In the winter of 302 Seleucus was back in Asia Minor and, together with Cassander and Lysimachus, defeated Antigonus in the Battle of Ipsus (301). Cite This Work The coalition sent a proposition to Antigonus with several demands, including returning Babylon to Seleucus. Lysimachus and Seleucus defeat Antigonus and Demetrius at the Battle of Ipsus - Antigonus is killed; Cassander 's control over Macedonia is secured; 300 BC. In 302 BC, Lysimachus joined a renewed alliance against Antigonus. The Antigoniddynasty, begun by Antigonus I, lasted from 306 BC, with his claim of the titleof king, to the death of Perseus in 166. In 302 he crossed over into Asia Minor to oppose Antigonus, against whom Seleucus also advanced from the Esat. Of more lasting significance was Cassander's refoundation of Therma into Thessalonica, naming the city after his wife. In 282 BCE his one-time ally Seleucus set his sights on Lysimachus’s territory in Asia Minor. If he defeated Lysimachus, whose main job was to hold the straits against invasion from Asia, he could get to Macedon; if he defeated Cassander, Ptolemy would … Antigonus immediately seized the initiative. During the Wars of the Diadochi, Lysimachus aligned himself with Cassander, Ptolemy, and Seleucus against Antigonus in 315 BC while consolidating his own power. In 294 BC, Demetrius seized Macedon from the feuding sons of Cassander. On the approach of Antigonus he retired into winter quarters near Heraclea, marry ing its widowed queen Amastris, a Persian princess. Cassander, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus formed a coalition against him. Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s trusted bodyguards and a member of his Companion Cavalry. To gain influence in Cassander's Greek backyard, Antigonus declared the Freedom of the Greek city States . [2], A son of Antipater and a contemporary of Alexander the Great, Cassander was one of the Diadochi who warred over Alexander's empire following the latter's death in 323 BC. After Demetrius was defeated by Ptolemy at the Battle of Gaza in 312 BCE, Seleucus took back Babylon. Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s trusted bodyguards and a member of his Companion Cavalry. In 302 BC, when the second alliance between Cassander, Ptolemy and Seleucus was made, Lysimachus, reinforced by troops from Cassander, entered Asia Minor, where he met with little resistance. King of Egypt Ptolemy. Thus the dominions of Seleucus were in the east; these of Cassander in the west; those of Ptolemy in the south, and those of Lysimachus in the north. The Restoration of Seleucus. Although he obtained Macedonian citizenship, his father was a Thessalian named Agathocles. With the memory of Antigonus’ recent attack fresh in his memory, the king set his expansion sights on Asia Minor. The Thracian king benefited most of the fall of Demetrius. For this bravery and loyalty to the king, he was rewarded with Thrace whose importance lay in its location adjacent to the Hellespont, the bridge between Asia and Europe. In… To safeguard the area and secure the Dardanelles, he promptly built a new city in 309 BCE, Lysimachia, on the Gallipoli peninsula. Lysimachus led an allied army into Asia Minor, with a large contingent provided by Cassander. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.9.5.10 It was becoming increasingly clear that there would be three major states: the empire of Ptolemy in Egypt and southern Syria, the empire of Seleucus in Asia, and the European kingdom of Lysimachus of Thrace.. With the assistance of King Pyrrhus of Epirus, he moved across the border and forced Demetrius out. The peaceful period came to an end when Cassander, Ptolemy Soter (ruler in Egypt), and Lysimachus (ruler in Thrace) started to believe that Antigonus became too powerful. The young ruler immediately established himself against the leader of a key Thracian dynasty, the Seuthes. After the death of Nicaea, he chose to marry the daughter of Ptolemy I and his mistress Bernice, Arsinoe II, around 300 BCE. Since the majority of Alexander’s empire had been divided among his more prominent commanders, they busied themselves in what became known as the Wars of Succession or Wars of Diadochi. The allies sent a proposition to Antigonus in which they demanded that Seleucus be allowed to return to Babylon. Lysimachus led an allied army into Asia Minor, with a large contingent provided by Cassander. Waging war on Polyperchon, Cassander destroyed his fleet, put Athens under the control of Demetrius of Phaleron, and declared himself Regent in 317 BC. While he initially remained relatively uninvolved in the series of wars that immediately followed Alexander’s death, he eventually sought to expand his land holdings and ultimately joined his fellow commanders in a war against Antigonus Monophthalmus (the One-Eyed) and his son Demetrius I of Macedon. Cassander was sufficiently worried to make a peace offer, but Antigonus now wanted total surrender. Enemies became friends, and friends became enemies. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 05 Jul 2016. Seleucus was an admiral under Ptolemy. A Babylonian astronomical diary recording the death of Alexander the Great. Educated at the royal court in Pella, Lysimachus rose to become a prominent member of the king’s entourage, one of his bodyguards or somatophylax by 328 BCE. On the approach of Antigonus he retired into winter quarters near Heraclea, marry ing its widowed queen Amastris, a Persian princess. In Thrace he was fairly safe from the intrigues and scheming of his fellow commanders - no one outside the province challenged him - at least for a while. Waging war on Polyperchon, Cassander destroyed his fleet, put Athens under the control of Demetrius of Phaleron, and declared himself Regent in 317 BC. Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 05 July 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. His mother, wife, and only son and heir would die on the orders of Cassander, Antipater’s son, never having sat on the throne. This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 22:11. The historian Arrian, in his The Campaigns of Alexander, wrote, Throughout the siege Alexander lost a little under 100 men; the number of wounded, however, was disproportionately large – over 1,000, among them being Lysimachus, of Alexander’s personal guard, and other officers. It was a marriage he would regret. He was educated alongside Alexander the Great in a group that included Hephaestion, Ptolemy and Lysimachus. Lysimachus had soon secured most of the Ionian cities. Key Understanding #1: Alexander the Great in Daniel 8. [5] His family were distant collateral relatives to the Argead dynasty. Cassander now turned to Lysimachus, Ptolemy and Seleucus. After the peace treaty of 311, the Diadochi started to prepare for the next round of war. After the commander Perdiccas, who would soon die at the hands of his own men, refused to marry Antipater’s daughter Nicaea, the wise Thracian ruler married her in 321 BCE, securing an alliance with both Antipater and his son Cassander. He met little resistance in seizing control of much of western Asia Minor and, in the following spring (301 BCE ) was joined by Seleucus. [12] After this, Cassander's position in Greece and Macedonia was reasonably secure, and he proclaimed himself king in 305 BC. Agathocles' wife Lysandra flees to Babylon to Seleucus, who sees an opportunity to expand his dominions; 281: In the battle of Corupedium, Seleucus defeats Lysimachus, who is killed. the opposing forces met at Ipsus, in Phrygia. The remaining Antipatrids, such as Antipater Etesias, were unable to re-establish the Antipatrids on the throne. Books In 309 BC, he founded Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonese with the mainland. Historians, both past and present, argue over the exact cause, nevertheless, he died without naming a successor or heir, causing his empire to descend into chaos. This second Lysimachus was one of the king’s former tutors, better known, as one historian stated, for his sense of humor rather than hygiene. The power imbalance created by Antigonus I resulted in cooperation between Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander and Seleucus, who combined forces to re-assert control over their territories. In 306, Antigonus tried to capture Egypt but Ptolemy held his own and successfully thwarted the attack. Success would follow but at a hefty price. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. An alliance is settled between Ptolemy and Lysimachus; Ptolemy gives his daughter Arsinoe II to Lysimachus in marriage; 298 BC. That is the name of the third beast? In the first months of 314, they declared war against Antigonus: the Third Diadoch War. Ancient History Encyclopedia. FollowingAlexander’s death in Babylon on 323 BC, the successors (Diadochi), Craterus, Perdiccas, Phillip III, Seleucus,Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Antipater, Antigonus I and others, would fight 4 “Diadochwars” and numerous battles, as they competed for control over theirterritories. The early Macedonian era of Alexander the Great (333-302 BC) and the Ptolemaic Empire (323-21 BC) used the same money system of weights and coins. This time Lysimachus added to his possessions the Hellespont coast. Their plan was to take their main army from Macedonian and Thrace into Asia Minor, where they hoped to meet up with Seleucus, whose army included a large number of elephants. [7] As Cassander and the other diadochi struggled for power, Alexander IV, Roxana, and Alexander's supposed illegitimate son Heracles were all executed on Cassander's orders, and a guarantee to Olympias to spare her life was not respected. On the approach of Antigonus he retired into winter quarters near Heraclea, marrying its widowed queen Amastris, a Persian princess. Historians write of his involvement in Alexander’s battle of the Hydaspes against King Porus - it was recorded that he crossed the river with the king - and the siege of the Indian city of Sangala. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. 24 Dec 2020. Demetrius and his army moved across the Hellespont and into Asia Minor, confronting the forces Seleucus. Cassander also founded Cassandreia upon the ruins of Potidaea. The removal of Demetrius Poliorcetes from the scene in 285 stabilized the situation. For reasons unknown (probably to secure the throne of Thrace for her own son), Arsinoe convinced her husband to kill his oldest son and heir Agathokles on the trumped-up charges of treason. The murder of the popular young commander caused an uproar among many of his fellow officers who chose to desert to the army of Seleucus, now the adversary of Ptolemy. With no heir, his small piece of the empire would fall into disarray. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Refusal of Antigonus led to the 'Third War of the Diadochi.' Eyeing the strategically important province for himself, the commander Antigonus who reigned over much of Asia Minor sent a small contingency to aid the city and provoke the local tribes. At the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC, the Antigonids were decisively defeated by the combined armies of Seleucus, Cassander, and Lysimachus. After Antigonus' death, Lysimachus and Seleucus divided his territories in Asia into two kingdoms. Early history. During the struggle of the Diadochi for power, Lysimachus joined a coalition of Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Cassander in 315 and fought against Antigonus. Lysimachus took over the Antigonid dynasty and … Some historians give the year as 361 BCE while others say he was born around 355 or 351 BCE in Pella, the capital of Macedon. [8] Cassander's decision to restore Thebes, which had been destroyed under Alexander, was perceived at the time to be a snub to the deceased King. Like many other commanders, Lysimachus assumed the title of king in 305 BCE. He took the initiative in forging a coalition among Ptolemy, Lysimachus (the ruler of Thrace), and Cassander (who laid claim to Macedonia) against Antigonus, whose desire to become the ruler of the whole of Alexander's empire was a threat to them all. In 314, the Third Diadoch War broke out. From the time he was named ruler until his death in 281 BCE, Lysimachus used marriage to secure his position in Thrace and establish necessary beneficial alliances. This led to a coalition of Ptolemy, Lysimachus and Cassander against Antigonus. The earlier date is more plausible. Thereafter Ptolemy did not lead any expeditions against Antigonus. The partition of Alexander’s empire into five states had now been formally established. Encontre diversos livros … Then Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus also assumed that title. In 302 when the second alliance between Cassander, Ptolemy and Seleucus was made, Lysimachus, reinforced by troops from Cassander, entered Asia Minor, where he met with little resistance. The empire that Alexander had built would never be reunited. In 305, after Antigonus had vainly attacked Egypt, Ptolemy also assumed the title of king, and Cassander, Lysimachus, and Seleucus followed suit. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 (Public Domain). There is some disagreement over the exact year of Lysimachus’s birth. Lysimachus and Cassander's general Prepelaos invaded Asia Minor from Thrace, crossing the Hellespont. [9] It was later even said that he could not pass a statue of Alexander without feeling faint. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary 8. when he was strong … great horn was broken—The empire was in full strength at Alexander's death by fever at Babylon, and seemed then least likely to fall. While waiting for Alexander’s son, the future Alexander IV, to come of age, the commanders divided the empire among themselves - Ptolemy I took Egypt, the elderly Antigonus obtained parts of Asia Minor, the regent Antipater I retained Macedon and Greece, and lastly, Lysimachus received Thrace. He met little resistance in seizing control of much of western Asia Minor and, in the following spring (301 BCE ) was joined by Seleucus. The reason for this was that Ptolemy, Seleucus and Lysimachus, fearing that should Cassander be defeated Greece would be added to the kingdom of Antigonus, determined to relieve the pressure by attacking Antigonus in Asia. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In 301 BC, Lysimachus and Seleucus defeated Antigonus and Demetrius. In 306/305 BC, Lysimachus followed the example of Antigonus and assumed the royal title. Thus the dominions of Seleucus were in the east; these of Cassander in the west; those of Ptolemy in the south, and those of Lysimachus in the north. Cassander has been perceived to be ambitious and unscrupulous, and even members of his own family were estranged from him.[10]. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U.S. History at Lincoln College (Normal, Illinois)and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great. Lysimachus concentrated his efforts on establishing a strong power base in Thrace and avoided getting involved in the Wars of Succession. He was forced to not only buy his freedom but also surrender a portion of his Trans-Danubian territory. He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students. According to many historians, the battle put an end to any hope of re-establishing Alexander’s empire. Since they fought among themselves with little interest in either Thrace or Phrygia, Lysimachus realized his good fortune and avoided getting involved. https://www.ancient.eu/Lysimachus/. According to the terms of peace, Lysimachus was rewarded with additional lands in Asia Minor to the south of the Taurus Mountains, Seleucus received Syria, and Cassander’s position was established securely in Macedon and Greece. On the 10th / 11th of June 323 BC, Alexander the Great died in Babylon. Lysimachus. In 315 BC, he joined Cassander, Ptolemy I Soter and Seleucus I Nicator against Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who, however, diverted his attention by stirring up Thracian and Scythian tribes against him. Last modified July 05, 2016. After Antigonus' death, Lysimachus and Seleucus divided his territories in Asia into two kingdoms. Finally, in 311 BCE, peace was achieved with Lysimachus remaining in control of the hostile city. In 315 BC, Lysimachus joined Cassander, Ptolemy and Seleucus against Antigonus, who, however, diverted his attention by stirring up Thracian and Scythian tribes against him. In 302 he crossed over into Asia Minor to oppose Antigonus, against whom Seleucus also advanced from the Esat. His fellow bodyguard Lennonatas accepted the province of Phrygia, located across on the Asian side of the Hellespont - an arrangement that caused constant friction between the two. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Cassander (Greek: Κάσσανδρος Ἀντιπάτρου, Kassandros Antipatrou; "son of Antipatros": c. 355 BC – 297 BC) was king of the ancient kingdom of Macedon from 305 BC until 297 BC, and de facto ruler of southern Greece from 317 BC until his death. In 306 he took the title of king, when it was assumed by Antigonus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Cassander. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The coalition sent a proposition to Antigonus with several demands, including returning Babylon to Seleucus. [6], Cassander is first recorded as arriving at Alexander the Great's court in Babylon in 323 BC, where he had been sent by his father, Antipater, most likely to help uphold Antipater's regency in Macedon, although a later contemporary who was hostile to the Antipatrids suggested that Cassander had journeyed to the court to poison the King. [2] In governing Macedonia from 317 BC until 297 BC, Cassander restored peace and prosperity to the kingdom, while founding or restoring numerous cities (including Thessalonica, Cassandreia, and Thebes); however, his ruthlessness in dealing with political enemies complicates assessments of his rule. Over in the western part of his empire Seleucus joined the coalition of Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus which had been formed against Antigonus and Demetrius. Compre online Hellenistic generals: Ptolemaic generals, Seleucid generals, Seleucus I Nicator, Demetrius I of Macedon, Cassander, Lysimachus, de Source: Wikipedia na Amazon. Cassander associated himself with the Argead dynasty by marrying Alexander's half-sister, Thessalonica, and he had Alexander IV and Roxanne poisoned in either 310 BC or the following year. From 316 to 312 Seleucus remained in Ptolemy's service. By 309 BC, Polyperchon began to claim that Heracles was the true heir to the Macedonian inheritance, at which point Cassander bribed him to have the boy killed. When Alexander was ousted as joint king by his brother, Demetrius I took up Alexander's appeal for aid and ousted Antipater II, killed Alexander V and established the Antigonid dynasty. Lysimachus as horned Alexander. The allies sent a proposition to Antigonus in which they demanded he give up Phoenica and Syria to Ptolemy, Cappadocia and Lycia to Cassander, Hellespontine Phrygia to Lysimachus, and Babylonia to Seleucus, they also demanded he share his accumulated treasure with them. He had already connected himself with the royal family by marriage with Thessalonica, Alexander the Great's half-sister, and, having formed an alliance with Seleucus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, against Antigonus, he became, on the defeat and death of Antigonus in 301, undisputed sovereign of Macedonia. In the winter of 302 Seleucus was back in Asia Minor and, together with Cassander and Lysimachus, defeated Antigonus in the Battle of Ipsus (301). After Alexander’s death in 323 BCE, Lysimachus benefitted from his loyalty to the king by being rewarded with the strategically important province of Thrace, an area … Ptolemy, Cassander and Lysimachus now united to issue an ultimatum in which each of them laid claim to part of Antigonus’s holdings. Wasson, Donald L. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Although Antigonus now concluded a compromise peace with Ptolemy, Lysimachus, and Cassander, he continued the war with Seleucus, attempting to recover control of the eastern reaches of the Empire. Refusal of Antigonus led to the 'Third War of the Diadochi.' Lysimachus (323-133 BC) We do not discuss this kingdom at all because it is far removed from land of Judah. She despised Antipater, and he referred to her as a "sharp-to… After the peace treaty of 311, the Diadochi started to prepare for the next round of war. Ptolemy, Lysimachus and Cassander formed a coalition against Antigonus. Cassander was sufficiently worried to make a peace offer, but Antigonus now wanted total surrender. License. They would have three children: one son, Agathocles, and two daughters. Cassander's dynasty did not live much beyond his death, with his son Philip dying of natural causes, and his other sons Alexander and Antipater becoming involved in a destructive dynastic struggle along with their mother. He was educated alongside Alexander the Great in a group that included Hephaestion, Ptolemy and Lysimachus. Ptolemaic Dynasty - Affiliated Lines: The Antipatrids, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cassander&oldid=986606485, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cassander is a minor character in the novel. Lysimachus claimed Hellespontine Phrygia, the Asian shore of the Hellespont, which would have given him a very powerful position. Antigonus and Demetrius assumed the title of king, which was followed by Ptolemy, Cassander, Lysimachus and Seleucus I Nicator. Cassander now turned to Lysimachus, Ptolemy and Seleucus. In 306/305 BC, Lysimachus followed the example of Antigonus I assumed the title of "King", which he held until his death at Corupedium in 281 BC. Demetrius fled back to Macedonia to hopefully secure his rule there. 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