The next step will need to calculate the triad chord whose root / starting note is next scale note. For example, the 6 represents note Cb, from the Eb-6th interval, since the lowest (bass) note of the chord - now inverted, is Eb. In place of the b or c symbols above, figured bass symbols could be used to indicate inversions after the chord number symbols iv: So in this key, iv6 refers to the Db minor chord in 1st inversion, and iv64 refers to the Db minor chord in 2nd inversion. Looking at the Triad chord table, the name of the triad chord quality having major(M3) and perfect(P5) note intervals is major. All of these triad qualities are based on the 1st, 3rd and 5th notes of the major scale piano diagram above. The Lesson steps then explain how to construct this triad chord using the 3rd and 5th note intervals, then finally how to construct the inverted chord variations. The major scale uses the W-W-H-W-W-W-H note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. The table below shows the Ab natural minor scale, ordered to show the 2nd note as the first column in the table. So the second note of the 1st inversion - note Eb is now the note with the lowest pitch for the 2nd inversion. For the 3rd Interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between Ab and Cb is 3 half-tones. The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. To do this, the first column we used in this step, Db, will be moved to the final column of the table. Now look at the complete Note interval table, and identify the note interval that has a distance of 3 half-tones (first column), and with an interval no. The A-flat minor chord contains 3 notes: Ab, Cb, Eb. Finally, letter c could be used to indicate that it is Gb major chord in 2nd inversion - A-flat minor scale chord VIIc. The piano keyboard below contains the notes of the Ab natural minor scale. And so the complete triad chord name prefixes the root note, Fb, onto this quality, giving us the Fb major chord. For the 3rd Interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between Cb and Eb is 4 half-tones. There are 4 different types of musical triad: Major Triads, Minor Triads, Diminished Triads, Augmented Triads. The A-flat minor chord III is the Cb major chord, and contains the notes Cb, Eb, and Gb. Let us finish by listening to some of these triads. Triad chords are built using the 1st, 3rdand 5th notes of the scale, so the first triad below will constructed a chord using notes Ab, Cb and Eb. For the 3rd Interval (note 2 on the diagram) the distance between Gb and Bb is 4 half-tones. The note interval name for the 3rd note / scale degree is therefore minor, also called m3 for short. The chord symbol i could be followed by the letter a to indicate that it is Ab minor chord in root position (ie not inverted) - A-flat minor scale chord ia. To do this, the first column we used in this step, Bb, will be moved to the final column of the table. For a 2nd inversion, take the first note of the 1st inversion above - Cb, and move it to the end of the chord. Finally, we have the name of the two note intervals of this triad, and can now lookup the name of the triad chord quality having these intervals. The A-flat minor chord VII is the Gb major chord, and contains the notes Gb, Bb, and Db. Looking at the table above, the note intervals for the chord quality we are interested in (minor triad), in the key of Ab are Ab-min-3rd and Ab-perf-5th. More details of this interval are at Fb-maj-3rd. Although the above method identifies each triads notes from the scale used - it does not identify the complete chord name including its quality. This dominant chord's root / starting note is the 5th note (or scale degree) of the Ab natural minor scale. 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